Nomadic way of life in Somalia
Gacan Libaax Mt IBA
Note that several of the localities on the map have incorrect or old versions of spellings. These are (from north to south): Shimbiris is presumably "Shimbirbaris", which is the site of a battle between the British and the "Mad Mullah" about 100 years ago. It is near Surud Cad, the highest peak in Somalia; Galcaio is the old Italian spelling, in Somali it is Galkacayo; Baidoa is another Italian spelling, the Somali is Baydhabo; Merca again Italian, Marka in Somali; Ogaden is now the Somali Region, or Region 5, of Ethiopia.
Somalia has a land area of 637,700 km2 and an estimated population of between 7 and 8 million people. It borders Ethiopia and Kenya in the west, has a small border with Djibouti in the north and a coastline of 3,200 km with the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. It is a strategic location on Horn of Africa along the southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and the route through the Red Sea and the Suez Canal.
The climate is principally desert with a north-east monsoon, moderate temperatures in the north and very hot in the south from December to February. It has a south-west monsoon, torrid in the north and hot in the south, with irregular rainfall and hot and humid periods between monsoons from May to October. The land elevation is mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in the north and the elevation is from sea level to 2,416 m. The official language is Somali with Arabic, Italian and English spoken. More details can be found at CIA Factbook.