The Royal Museum for Central Africa (RMCA), Tervuren, Belgium, founded in 1898, houses one of the most important specimen collections of African birds in the world. Among the c 150,000 specimens are 987 type specimens pertaining to 226 nominal bird taxa, of which at least 125 are still in use as valid names of species or subspecies. A detailed list of all type specimens has now been published including holotypes, paratypes, syntypes, former and current names, registration numbers, dates, localities, and remarks. Although most material comes from the former Belgian colonies, the collection also comprises part of the numerous types from the V G L van Someren collection and some from the H Granvik collection. The publication includes generic and specific indexes, and a short biography of the describers of bird taxa in the RMCA.